Keyboard Notes - Learn to Identify and Play Keyboard Notes

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Keyboard Notes - Major and Minor Scales

The variation between two contiguous keyboard notes can be either a tone or a semi-tone, depending on which particular notes are being referred to. At any rate, the smallest distance between any two keys is a semi-tone - for example, this is the distance between F and F#, or that between D and D flat.

Remember, if you're going up from the root note, it's a sharp and if you're going down then it's a flat. The octave is another measurement of separation, and in technical terms is a doubling of frequency. Within any octave, we have only twelve distinct notes to work with before coming to the same note again, albeit at a higher pitch. Despite this seemingly limited range of notes to choose from, most music actually uses even fewer - in most cases, seven. Which seven notes these are determines the key of a piece.

Most people will be familiar with the concept of scales; Do, Re, Mi, Fa, So, La, Ti, Do is the classic example. The original meaning of scale was that it formed a ladder, taking you from one octave to the next, with the last note being a repetition of the first, but an octave higher (doubling the frequency). The particular notes that take you up are the rungs of this notional ladder. Small changes to these rungs can greatly affect the quality and mood of the scale as a whole.

Perhaps the most common scale is the major scale, and the simplest way to generate one is by starting at C on the piano keyboard and playing all the white notes up to the next C an octave higher. This is, of course, the scale of C Major.

keyboard notes

What Is a Keyboard? Definitions

  • Keyboard - The rows of keys of a pianoforte, organ, or similar instrument.
  • Keyboard, chromatic - An attachment applied to the keys of a piano for the purpose of enabling players of moderate skill to execute chromatic scales and passages with facility and correctness.

A Beginner's MIDI Keyboard

The Casio LK45 is a great starter keyboard, and an ideal way to introduce your children to the world of electronic MIDI keyboards. It features 100 tones, 12-note polyphony, voice fingering guide and 61 keyboard notes, and these are illuminated so that they light up as you play. Children love it, and it makes the learning process very enjoyable.

Illuminated Keyboard Notes on the Casio LK45

Apart from engaging the attention of the budding musician, the illuminated keys can be set to guide the performer along with a preset melody. In this way, you can follow the sequence of lights to play the notes - this increases confidence and boosts success rate with new songs. There is a three-step lesson guide and 100 songs built in, so it's a perfect introductory keyboard for kids aged 5-10. As the LK45 has MIDI connectivity, even older kids can use it as a controller keyboard for computer sequencer software, so it remains useful long after they outgrow the built-in sound bank.

Keyboard Features

  • 12-note polyphony
  • 100 PCM tones
  • 50 Rhythm Patterns
  • CASIO Chord/Fingered Chord auto-accompaniment systems on console
  • 100 Song Bank Tunes
  • 3-Step Lesson system
  • Voice Fingering Guide
  • MIDI in/out jack
  • Musical Information System
  • Transpose and Tuning control
  • Assignable pedal jack (Sustain, Soft, Sostenuto, Rhythm Start/Stop)